Lupus: Types, Causes and Prevention of Skin Rashes and Lesions From Discoid Lupus

December 30, 2009

Lupus is an autoimmune disease where the body’s immune system becomes hyperactive and attacks normal, healthy tissue. Some symptoms of Lupus can be skin inflammation and damage to the joints, skin, kidneys, blood, heart and lungs.
There are several different kinds of Lupus that have been identified, but one type is known as systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). Another type is called discoid (cutaneous), drug-induced and neonatal.

Patients that suffer with discoid lupus have a version of the disease that is limited to the skin. This type does not affect internal organs but instead can be described by a rash that appears on the face, neck and scalp. It has been found that less than 10% of patients with discoid lupus will progress to a systemic form but it is difficult to predict or prevent the path this disease will take.

Different types of lesions often develop on patients with lupus erythematosus. There are three broad categories of LE-specific skin lesions, or those skin lesions that occur only in people with LE. These categories are chronic cutaneous (diseases limited to the skin), subacute cutaneous LE and acute cutaneous. The most common lesion is known as discoid LE; however, discoid skin lesions may appear in a patient with any type of LE.

Some know causes of lupus symptoms result from certain environmental factors including:
– extreme stress
– exposure to ultraviolet (UV) light, usually from sunlight
– smoking
– medications and antibiotics
– infections

There is no known cure for lupus and no drug to treat the disease, although some new drug treatments are currently being researched or are in clinical trials. To significantly help control the disease and its symptoms, early diagnoses and proper medical treatment are important. Medications and dosages can vary depending on the individual and the severity of the disease.

A very common treatment for specific signs and symptoms of lupus includes staying out of the sun and wearing sun block to prevent skin rashes. Another option to reduce the UV damage to your skin is the use of a UV Umbrella when outdoors.
UV Umbrellas and other products that offer skin protection are available at

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